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Author Message
  Topic: Removing Scratch from Acrylic Aquarium - Please Help

Replies: 5
Views: 1487

PostForum: DIY   Posted: Wed Sep 18, 2019 10:49 am   Subject: Re: Removing Scratch from Acrylic Aquarium - Please Help
Hi Nagukush

You can use a sandpaper 1200 grit (wet & dry) to remove scratch on Acrylic


Please try it first on scrap Acrylic before you use it but I have used it in Glass with good effect

You may get the sandpapers from Amazon



  Topic: Indian Kulhi loach and Indian paradise fish care

Replies: 5
Views: 1965

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Sat Jun 21, 2014 10:03 am   Subject: Re: Indian Kulhi loach and Indian paradise fish care
Do not know of Indian Kulhi loach  but in case you are referring to Pangio species, they would need a sandy gravel bottom, lost of places to hide, a power head to induce some water current, cool water temperature. Hikari Algae Wafers for food. Many of these are very shy and may be Night active and hence please drop a few (1-2) algae wafers for them to feed on in the Night after Light's off.

Where did you source it from and if you could please post a picture.

Hope this helps

Best Wishes

  Topic: Closing the thread is the Solution !!

Replies: 5
Views: 2156

PostForum: Events   Posted: Tue Aug 13, 2013 2:50 pm   Subject: Re: Closing the thread is the Solution !!
Hi Abhish,

Could you Please pen down what kind of "Justice" you are looking for in a Private Email to the TGIAC Organizers ?

IAH was and is no way connected to ADA or to TGIAC. You had a concern which the forum allowed you to Voice and address. If you feel that you need Justice, please get in touch with the Organizers or a competent Authority and find a solutions to the Issue with them. IAH cannot help you in this.

There is no point in bringing up an other thread for this purpose.

Best Regards

  Topic: An Appeal to Stop Environmental Pollution ...

Replies: 4
Views: 806

PostForum: Chit Chat   Posted: Sat Jun 15, 2013 3:22 pm   Subject: An Appeal to Stop Environmental Pollution ...
Hi Everybody

As fish keepers and Nature Lovers we have responsibility to our Environment and today a though just went out of my Mind to appeal to all Members to Contribute towards reducing Environmental Pollution..and directly or Indirectly influence our immediate family members, friends etc to do the same.

50 % of global wetlands already lost in the last century and habitat degradation continuing at an alarming rate. This is also set to have a major impact on the ornamental freshwater species since they’re currently declining more rapidly than either marine or terrestrial species. May 22 was this year’s ‘World Biodiversity Day’ and the theme ’Water and Diversity’ was chosen to coincide with the United Nations designation of 2013 as the International Year of Water Cooperation.

One of the main problems in conservation of freshwater creatures is a basic lack of visibility both in basic physical terms but also in the media, which tend to concentrate on flagship groups such as birds, mammals or amphibians.

Please try and not throw plastic and other rubbish on the streets, out of your window, out of your car etc as they find their way into our streams, rivers, seas and even oceans, some of our actions have indirectly caused destruction and death to small Albatross at middle in Pacific Ocean. Midway Atoll is located near the apex of what is being called the Pacific Garbage Patch, a swirling soup of millions of tons of plastic pollution. In fact, much of this plastic can not be seen at, but it can’t be avoided as it comes ashore on these pristine beaches and in the stomachs of the birds....

Please see the Video below and you will understand how a small action to throw everything into our streams and rivers can not only kill freshwater species at our native grounds and also impact a small bird 2000 miles away from the nearest continent in the Middle of Pacific ...

So wake up and think "How not to Pollute ?" "How to Conserve and contribute towards Species Conservation?" Go out and do more Field Trips, Contribute through a Survey Report, Highlight a Common Cause and Reduce Pollution through our own actions....

Contribute towards a better Environment for not only us but for our future Kids and also all the other Living being sharing the Common Space Call "The Mother Earth" ...

The video is made by Midway Journey which you can find on this Link


"These photographs of albatross chicks were made in September 2009 on Midway Atoll, a tiny stretch of sand and coral near the middle of the North Pacific. The nesting babies are fed bellies-full of plastic by their parents, who soar out over the vast polluted ocean collecting what looks to them like food to bring back to their young. On this diet of human trash, every year tens of thousands of albatross chicks die on Midway from starvation, toxicity, and choking. To document this phenomenon as faithfully as possible, not a single piece of plastic in any of these photographs was moved, placed, manipulated, arranged, or altered in any way. These images depict the actual stomach contents of baby birds in one of the world's most remote marine sanctuaries, more than 2000 miles from the nearest continent."

  Topic: hillstream loach id

Replies: 12
Views: 2387

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Fri Oct 19, 2012 12:38 pm   Subject: Re: hillstream loach id
Psilorhynchus sp. or a Psilorhynchus balitora or Balitora minnow probably...
  Topic: Indian Hillstream loaches

Replies: 133
Views: 53507

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Sat Oct 06, 2012 3:17 pm   Subject: Re: Indian Hillstream loaches
New Description :-

Balitora laticauda, a new species of stone loach
(Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from Krishna River, northern Western Ghats, India )

Abstract: A new species of stone loach Balitora laticauda is described from the Krishna River, northern Western Ghats, India.  It differs from all known species of the genus in a combination of characters including: 10 transverse bands on the dorsal surface, deeper caudal peduncle, two prominent rows of papilla encircling upper lip where the proximate row has small papillae while distal row has larger papillae, 66–68 lateral line scales, 8–9 simple rays in pectoral fin, two simple rays in the pelvic fin and pectoral fin not surpassing pelvic fin base.  The new species also differs from its related species in the ratios such as caudal peduncle length to depth (2.21–2.89), standard length to body depth (7.48–8.72), head length to head depth (2.11–2.50), head length to interorbital distance (2.20–2.96), head depth to head length (0.42–0.47), eye diameter to head length (0.13–0.17) and head width to gape of mouth (3.12–4.78 ).As percent of standard length B. laticauda sp. nov. differs from other related species with respect to caudal peduncle depth (6.3–7.4%), caudal peduncle length (15.0–20.0%), body width at anus (8.7–11.5%), body depth at anus (9.1–11.4%), pre-dorsal fin length (43.7–47.4%), prepectoral fin length (12.9–16.2%), pre-anal fin length (74.3–79.3%), pre-pelvic fin length (44.4–48.3%), pelvic fin length (19.3–23.7%), pectoral fin length (24.1–28.9%) and body depth at dorsal (11.5–13.4%).

Balitora laticauda (Bhoite et al. 2012) is so-named due to its relatively deep caudal peduncle when compared with its Indian congeners B. brucei and B. mysorensis, the name being derived from the Latin latus, meaning broad, and caudus, meaning tail.

It differs from other members of the genus by the following characters: possession of 10 transverse bands on the dorsal surface; a relatively deeper caudal peduncle; two prominent rows of papilla encircling the upper lip with the proximate row possesing small papillae and the distal row larger papillae; 66–68 lateral line scales; 8–9 simple pectoral-fin rays; two simple pelvic-fin rays; pectoral fin not extending beyond pelvic-fin base. There are also a number of meristic differences.

The new species is known only from a handful of localities within the Krishna River system in  Maharashtra State, and was collected alongside a number of other fishes including Rasbora daniconius, Pethia ticto, Puntius sahyadriensis, Hypselobarbus kolus, Tor khudree, Mastacembelus armatus, Channa gachua, and Lepidocephalichthys thermalis.

Habitat was fairly typical of those preferred by balitorid loaches with clear, well-oxygenated water flowing swuftly over substrates of boulders, rocks, and cobbles.

Image 1. Balitora laticauda sp. nov., holotype (ZSI-WRC P/2848) in life showing (a) lateral and (b) dorsal view and B. mysorensis (ZSI-WRC P/3056) in life (c). Note the difference in the number of dorsal bands.

Image 2. Holotype of Balitora laticauda sp. nov., holotype (ZSI-WRC P/2848) in (a) lateral view, (b) dorsal view and (c) ventral view.

LEFT :- Ventral view of head of (a) Balitora laticauda sp. nov., holotype (P/2848), (b) B. laticauda sp. nov., paratype (P/2849), (c) B. mysorensis, holotype (F13512/1), (d) B. mysorensis (ZSI-WRC P/3056), (e) B. brucei (F11092/1) and (f) B. burmanica, syntype (F11032/1).

RIGHT :- Dorsal view of head of (a) Balitora laticauda sp. nov., holotype (P/2848), (b) B. mysorensis, holotype (F13512/1), (c) B. brucei (F11092/1) and (d) B. burmanica, syntype (F11032/1).

Comparative images of balitorids from India. (a-c) Balitora laticauda sp. nov. paratype (ZSI-WRC P/3057, 84.4mm SL) from Krishna River at Karad, (d-f) B. laticauda paratype (ZSI-WRC P/3058, 61.5mm SL) from Urmodi River, (g-i) B. mysorensis (ZSI-WRC P/3056, 67.1mm SL) from its type locality at Sivasamudra falls and (j-l) B. brucei (ZSI-WRC P/2669, 59.7mm SL) from Jim Corbett National Park.

Pictures and Document Reference http://threatenedtaxa.org

Nayak's Balitora looks very similar to B. mysorensis (ZSI-WRC P/3056) Ref Image 1.

  Topic: The Amazon River in crisis, 'fish dying by the millions' PFK

Replies: 1
Views: 841

PostForum: Fishkeeping and Aquaristics   Posted: Sat Sep 29, 2012 11:28 am   Subject: The Amazon River in crisis, 'fish dying by the millions' PFK
Where has all the water gone? Explorer Heiko Bleher has just returned from an expedition to the Amazon River - or what’s left of it. He says unless there’s a miracle and rains come early, the millions of fish deaths in the rapidly drying river could become billions…

Read More at ...


Best Wishes

  Topic: Abhis9 lost his father.

Replies: 56
Views: 5814

PostForum: Chit Chat   Posted: Tue Sep 25, 2012 3:37 pm   Subject: Re: Abhis9 lost his father.
Very Sad to hear this news. Our condolences to Abhishankar and his family.
  Topic: Major review of genus Puntius

Replies: 0
Views: 1273

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Sat Jul 14, 2012 11:05 am   Subject: Major review of genus Puntius
The Asian cyprinid genus Puntius is partially revised by Rohan Pethiyagoda, Madhava Meegaskumbura, and Kalana Maduwage in the latest volume of the journal 'Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters'.

The morphology, osteology, and molecular phylogeny of 39 cyprinid species, including 30 species of Puntius sensu lato from India and Sri Lanka, was analysed and five distinct lineages identified. These lineages are recognisable as genera, of which three, Dravidia, Dawkinsia, and Pethia, have been assigned names new to science. Among these Dawkinsia is named for famous evolutionary biologist and author Richard Dawkins.

For further information please see the full, open access paper: Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura and K. Maduwage. 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23(1): 69-95

http://www.pfeil-verlag.de/04biol/pdf/ief23_1_12.pdfPuntius Revision

The tropical Asian cyprinid genus Puntius, which contains some 120 valid species, has long been suspected to be
polyphyletic. Here, through an examination of external morphology, osteology, and analysis of 16S ribosomal
RNA and cytochrome b gene fragments from 31 South Asian species hitherto referred to Puntius, we show that
these fishes represent at least five lineages recognisable as genera. Puntius sensu stricto has the rostral barbels
absent; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weak or strong, smooth; and lateral line complete, with 22-28 pored scales.
Systomus possesses maxillary and rostral barbels; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray stiff (‘osseous’), serrated; and
lateral line complete, with 27-34 scales. Three new genera are proposed: Dawkinsia (type species Leuciscus fila­
mentosus) is distinguished by lacking rostral barbels; having the last unbranched dorsal-fin ray smooth; lateral
line complete, with 18-22 scales; and a juvenile colour pattern that includes three black bars on the body. Dra­
vidia (type species Cirrhinus fasciatus) is distinguished by having both rostral and maxillary barbels present; lateral line complete, with 18–26 pored scales; dorsal fin with 4 unbranched and 8 branched rays, last unbranched
dorsal-fin ray smooth; infraorbital 3 deep, partly overlapping the preoperculum; and free uroneural and postepiphysial fontanelle absent. Pethia (type species Barbus nigrofasciatus) is distinguished by having the last unbranched
dorsal-fin ray stiff, serrated; infraorbital 3 deep, partially overlapping preoperculum; rostral barbels absent;
maxillary barbels absent or minute; a black blotch on the caudal peduncle; and frequently, black blotches, spots
or bars on the side of the body. The identities of Puntius sophore and Systomus immaculatus are clarified through
the designation of neotypes; a lectotype is designated for Neolissochilus bovanicus; and precedence is given to the
spelling bovanicus over bovianicus.
  Topic: Partha wins the first Pico aquarium scaping contest

Replies: 51
Views: 7039

PostForum: Chit Chat   Posted: Wed Jun 27, 2012 10:38 pm   Subject: Re: Partha wins the first Pico aquarium scaping contest
Congrats Partha

Wonderful, Great Job

Cheer  Cheer  Cheer

Lovely scape...

Best Wishes

  Topic: Dario urops, a new species of badid fish Western Ghats,India

Replies: 1
Views: 1120

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Fri Jun 15, 2012 1:28 pm   Subject: Dario urops, a new species of badid fish Western Ghats,India
Dario urops, a new species of badid fish from the Western Ghats, Southern India
(Teleostei: Percomorpha: Badidae)

Dario urops, new species, is described from a small stream of the Barapole tributary of Valapattanam River in southern Karnataka and from Wayanad District, Kerala. It can be distinguished from its congeners by the presence of a conspicuous black
blotch on the caudal peduncle and a horizontal suborbital stripe, by the anterior dorsal fin lappets in males not being produced beyond fin spines, and by its vertebral count.
Key words: Taxonomy; freshwater fish; Western Ghats Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot

The family Badidae comprises a total of 19 described species (Kullander & Britz 2002; Geetakumari & Vishwanath 2010; Schindler & Linke 2010; Geetakumari & Kadu 2011) in two genera, Badis and Dario. Badids are small
fishes distributed mainly in Nepal, northern India, Bangladesh and Myanmar, with only two species extending the range of the family into Thailand (Kullander & Britz 2002). Kullander & Britz (2002) were able only to include badids from the Mahanadi drainage and further north in their revision, although there were literature reports of badids collected in southern India (Day 1875–1878; Karmakar & Datta 1998).  Badis badis was also recently recorded from Chennai by Knight & Rema Devi (2009). Day (1875–1878) mentioned the occurrence of Badis dario in the Western Ghats, a record that seems to have been overlooked since by most authors. During recent fieldwork in southern Karnataka, peninsular India, a small badid with an unusual colour pattern was collected from a small stream. During a search among Day’s material housed at the Natural History Museum, London, the first author came across two lots labeled as Badis dario collected in ‘Wynaad’ (today’s Wayanad district, Kerala). A closer inspection of Day’s material and ours revealed that they are conspecific and represent a species new to science, which is described herein.

1. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2012/f/z03348p068f.pdf

2. http://travel.sercity.com/dario-urops-a-new-fish-species-from-the-western-ghats/

Live Image of the new fish taken by Ralf Britz:-


  Topic: Reticulated Hillstream or Tiger Hillstream loach

Replies: 8
Views: 1287

PostForum: Fishkeeping and Aquaristics   Posted: Tue Jun 12, 2012 7:39 pm   Subject: Re: Reticulated Hillstream or Tiger Hillstream loach
Refer to this thread :-


You may read about this design at

1. http://www.loaches.com/articles/hillstream-loaches-the-specialists-at-life-in-the-fast-lane
2. http://www.loaches.com/articles/a-river-runs-through-it
3. http://www.loaches.com/articles/river-tank-manifold-design
4. http://www.loaches.com/articles/oxygen-in-the-aquarium
5. http://www.practicalfishkeeping.co.uk/content.php?sid=4922
    (PFK The secret to setting up a better river aquarium)

Will need lots of Algae, Hikari Algae Wafers and may be some live food like blood worms etc

Good Lighting to help keep in the Algae...


  Topic: Indian Hillstream loaches

Replies: 133
Views: 53507

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Wed May 02, 2012 2:12 pm   Subject: Re: Indian Hillstream loaches
Balitora Brucei from Manas River Assam India

  Topic: How to make Chelated Micronutrient mix

Replies: 53
Views: 14888

PostForum: Macro and Micro Fertilisers   Posted: Fri Apr 27, 2012 11:09 pm   Subject: Re: How to make Chelated Micronutrient mix
Hi Sandeep,

Flourish Trace

Proprietary aqueous solution of :-
1. copper sulfate,
2. cobalt sulfate,
3. manganese sulfate,
4. boric acid,
5. sodium molybdate,
6. zinc sulfate,
7. rubidium chloride,
8. nickel chloride and
9. vanadium chloride

So these are all available in natural form, Aqueous solution of Iron always in Chelated form as Iron Ions are very reactive. Iron in nature is found in form of The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite (FeO(OH)), limonite (FeO(OH).n(H2O)) or siderite (FeCO3).

Chelated :-"Chemicals that form soluble, complex molecules with certain metal ions, inactivating the ions so that they cannot normally react with other elements or ions to produce precipitates or scale".

What is important is to get the right mix of percentage of these compounds so as to provide an adequate mix of these trace elements required by the plants.


  Topic: Native Indian Fish ID Please

Replies: 4
Views: 1395

PostForum: Native Indian Fishes   Posted: Thu Apr 12, 2012 1:18 pm   Subject: Re: Native Indian Fish ID Please
Many Thanks

Saurabh & Marc


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