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http://indianaquariumhobbyist.com/community/ :: View topic - Introduction & suggestions/improvements for a beginner
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Introduction & suggestions/improvements for a beginner

 
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sbkv
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Joined: Apr 07, 2006
Posts: 3
Location: Bangalore

Status: Offline
PostPosted: Mon Jan 05, 2009 1:11 pm Post subject: Introduction & suggestions/improvements for a beginner Reply with quote

 Hi  to  all  ,
 
         This  is  Swaroop  from  Bangalore.  
 
 I  have  set  up  a  new  aquarium  after  doing  some  basic  research.  I  would  greatly  appreciate  feedback  &  tips  on  improving  my  set-up  from  you  guys.
 
 These  are  the  details  of  my  aquarium:
 
 Dimensions:  20"  L  x  18"  H  x  10"W  Bow  Front  aquarium  (apprx  vol  16  US  Gallons)
 
 Substrate  :     Ordinary  gravel  2"  depth
 
 Filtration:      Top-filter  with  650  L/hr  LifeTech  Powerhead  (came  with  the  aquarium)
 
 Fish:                  8   nos.  (4  x  Neon  Zebra)  (2  x  Rainbow  shark)  (2  x  Red  sword  tail)
 
 Plants:              2   -   Java  fern  (Microsorium  pteropus)  &  Anubias  (Anubias  barteri)  i'm  
                               not  sure  if  it  is  the  'Nana'  or  'Petite'  variant  both  are  anchored  on  2  
                               separate  pieces  of  driftwood  at  either  ends  of  the  tank.
 
 Lighting  :  40W  CFL  (came  with  the  aquarium)  since  both  the  plants  are  slow  growing  &  
                         require  moderate  lighting  i  suppose  this  should  be  enough.  I  don't  plan  to  go  
                         for  exotic  plants  with  demanding  substrate/nutrient/CO2  requirements
 
 The  set-up  has  been  up  &  running  for  more  than  a  month  so  it  has  almost  completed  cycling.  I  do  40-50%  water  changes  weekly  using  a  Gravel-siphon/vaccum  &  cleaning  the  wool  sponge  in  the  top-filter  weekly  too
 
 My  queries  are:
 
 1)  Is  the  filtration  sufficient?  I  don't  plan  on  introducing  exotic  species  like  Discus/Cichlid  etc.The  top-filter  presently  only  has  1  long  wool  sponge  layer  .  Do  i  need  to  have/add  any  other  layers(Activated  carbon.Bio-balls,etc)?  If  yes,  where  can  i  pick  up  filter  media  for  top-filter  in  Bangalore  &  how  do  i  separate  the  layers  as  the  top-filter  doesn't  have  compartments?
 
 2)  Is  my  tank  over-stocked?  I  hear  that  the  measure  is  1"  fish  per  gallon  of  water
 
 3)I  haven't  put  any  rocks  or  any  other  decorations  ,  though  may  add  a  solitary  piece  of  Rock  as  the  central  part  looks  bare.  I  have  a  rock  with  me  but  i  don't  know  its  composition.  How  do  i  make  sure  it  does  not  leech  harmful  minerals  into  the  water?   
 
 4)  Could  you  suggest  any  other  plants  for  this  set-up  without  high  lighting/nutrient/CO2  requirements.  Where  can  i  pick  up  aquarium  plants  in  Bangalore?
 
 5)  Could  you  suggest  any  suitable  Tetra  species  i  can  introduce  to  this  set  up?  I've  heard  that  Tetras  need  soft  water.  The  water  I  use  is  borewell  water  &  is  slightly  brackish/hard.  Any  other  small,  colourful  &  tough  species   that  you  could  suggest(Other  than  live-bearers/guppies!)  ?
 
 6)  I'm  not  using  a  Heater.  Do  I  need  to  use  one?  If  yes,  what  is  the  capacity  I  should  go  for  (Wattage.  I  hear  it  is  2Watts  per  gallon.)?  Also  any  preferred  brands?  Online  store  to  pick  up  one  would  be  convenient  too  
 
 7)  Where  can  I  pick  up  a  water  testing  kit  in  Bangalore  (the  one  on  petsomania  is  too  darn  expensive!)
 
 Any  other  suggestions/tips  to  this  n00b  would  be  greatly  appreciated.  
 Thanks!   Smile
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saikumar
Committed Member of IAH
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Joined: Jan 30, 2007
Posts: 2221
Location: HYD-is-good

Status: Offline
PostPosted: Mon Jan 05, 2009 2:21 pm Post subject: Re: Introduction & suggestions/improvements for a beginn Reply with quote

 Welcome  Swaroop,  Smile  
 
 1)  Is  the  filtration  sufficient?  I  don't  plan  on  introducing  exotic  species  like  Discus...[/i]
 
Surely  not  discus  in  such  small  tanks.
   dwarf  cichlids?  filteration  will  suffice,  but  you  need  to  remove  the  redtailshark.
 
 2)  Is  my  tank  over-stocked?  I  hear  that  the  measure  is  1"  fish  per  gallon  of  water    
 Feel  its  just  moderate,  long  term  aspect  redtailshark  will  be  a  bit  big  &  aggressive  for  that  tank  and  tank  mates.
 
 3)I  haven't  put  any  rocks  or  any  other  decorations  ,  though  may  add  a  solitary  piece  of  Rock  as  the  central  part  looks  bare.  I  have  a  rock  with  me  but  i  don't  know  its  composition.  How  do  i  make  sure  it  does  not  leech  harmful  minerals  into  the  water?  
 Specific  pic/  name  might  help,  but  marble/fossil  rock  is  not  prefered  for  plants.  Acid  test  too
 
 4)  Could  you  suggest  any  other  plants  for  this  set-up  without  high  lighting/nutrient/CO2  requirements.  Where  can  i  pick  up  aquarium  plants  in  Bangalore?  
 Go  for  vals,  crypt.wenditi,  rotala<  would  go  decent  in  your  low  light.  Well  couple  of  hobbiest  you  got  @  Banglore,  must  help  you  out  with  few  cuttings.
 
 5)  Could  you  suggest  any  suitable  Tetra  species  i  can  introduce  to  this  set  up?  I've  heard  that  Tetras  need  soft  water.  The  water  I  use  is  borewell  water  &  is  slightly  brackish/hard.  Any  other  small,  colourful  &  tough  species   that  you  could  suggest(Other  than  live-bearers/guppies!)  ?
 How  hard  really  is  your  water?  hardy  species  of  tetras  like  serpae  would  go  good  for  a  beginer,  but  not  with  the  present  fish,  would  be  overstocked.  Smile  Rama-rezi  is  fine  too.  Or  few  dwarf  gouramis  instead.
 
 6  &  7  not  common  for  HYD  Very Happy  
 
 tips/suggestion?  keep  posting  your  tank  pics...   Thumb Up  
 Good  luck.
 ..and  a  happy  new  year
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Venki
Frequent Visitor to IAH
Frequent Visitor to IAH



Joined: Dec 02, 2008
Posts: 170
Location: Devasandra, KR Puram, Bangalore

Status: Offline
PostPosted: Mon Jan 05, 2009 2:45 pm Post subject: Re: Introduction & suggestions/improvements for a beginn Reply with quote

 Hello  Swaroop,
 
 I  think  a  heater  is  a  must,  especially  for  those  in  bangalore..  I  have  had  experiences  with  the  fishes  frozen  with  the  heater  not  working..  Go  for  it..  It  will  certainly  be  useful..  I  am  not  very  sure  about  the  other  details  like  Wattage  and  stuff..  
 
 There  were  some  plants  available  at  Cosy  Aquariums  when  I  went  there  yesterday..  
 
 Glow  light  tetras  and  Serpae  tetras  would  be  good  additions,  but  I  was  told  that  serpae  tetras  would  get  aggressive  towards  other  fishes..  You  could  also  go  for  darios,  hockey  sticks,  dwarf  neon  gouramis  and  ramirezi,  though  for  ramirezis,  you  would  need  to  have  some  caves  for  them  to  hide..  
 
 Regards,
 Venkat.
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