Posted: Tue Jul 29, 2014 2:47 pm Post subject: Substrate types for planted tanks?
I have some queries regarding the substrate used for planted tanks. Look forward to guidance from all you experienced folks.
There are so many types available – ADA Amazonia, ADA aquasoil, Controsoil, laterite, aquaclay, garden soil topped with sand etc.
1.What is the difference between these substrates except for the brand?
2.Which type of substrate is suitable for which kind of plants?
3.Which substrate should one choose? What factors should one consider?
4.What are the typical price ranges for these substrates?
5.Is CO2 required for all of these substrates or can plants grow well without CO2 in these?
Joined: Aug 24, 2013 Posts: 121 Location: alappuzha/kerala
Posted: Thu Jul 31, 2014 7:28 pm Post subject: Re: Substrate types for planted tanks?
I am not an expert , but from my experience contro soil is a good substrate. it comes in 4mm and 2mm size. for small forground plants like dwarf hair grass and HC u should 2mm size... u will get good results from branded substrates like u mentioned above, 2mm contro soil costs 2k here, 4mm will cost u a little less.
co2 suppliment is only done in mid-high tec tanks, if u r planning to plant too many plants or if u want your plants to thrive well u can suppliment them co2, but enough light should also be given... some plants only need moderate lighting , some high some will do good in display light itself.....
U can also try dirted tank method if u r tight in budget......
Joined: Jun 11, 2008 Posts: 3504 Location: Mumbai, Bharat (AKA...INDIA)
Posted: Sat Aug 02, 2014 12:15 pm Post subject: Re: Substrate types for planted tanks?
I have river sand and river sand only.
My experience with riversand is about 2 years now and I found it to be very natural substrate for planted tanks.
Only thing is, that I have been able to plant those plants which were not very exotic and demanding.
In my river sand tanks, siphoning is easy and putting back the soil/topping-up is easy. Its economical and easily available.
If you have dumped the tank with fishes, and a lot of fishes have died, then you can re-do the whole tank after cleaning the soil properly in no time. Its long lasting also.
when you bring river sand, hard work for the first time is a must. if you bring 20kg of river sand and start cleaning/rinsing almost 10% will get washed away. so 18kg will remain. This is enough for a 30"X18"X15" tank.
When you fill water a little dust will come up, but that can be siphoned off. Peroidically you will need to clean the glass. filteration can be at a minimum of a good sponge filter.
CO2 is required, DIY is enough.
The best part is, that you can DOSE even the terretial plant fertilsers. and these ferts are very cheap also.
rinse the soil in small proportions by hand(fistful each time) in a towel. When you lay the soil in the tank and put water, very little dust should rise.
for about 1 week the water willl remain hazy, after that weekly changes are adequate.
Posted: Fri Aug 08, 2014 12:25 pm Post subject: Re: Substrate types for planted tanks?
Choose the substrate based on the plants that you wanted to grow. There are different ways of creating DIY substrate for a planted tank. There are lots of articles in Internet on how to do that.
Before you start the DIY substrate, make sure that you have all the raw materials required to prepare is available locally. Prepare the list of raw materials required to make the substrate. See what is available in the local market. See if something is not available, what can be used instead of it.
There are advantages and dis-advantages in using the DIY substrate. Understand that and then decide to go for DIY substrate or not.
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