Which Filter type for a newbie with a 90 litre / 24 gallon tank
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HOB (Hanging on Back)
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Total Votes : 8
netherwinterknights Frequent Visitor to IAH
Joined: Aug 03, 2014 Posts: 162 Location: Mumbai
Posted: Wed Aug 06, 2014 5:19 pm Post subject: Filter advice - newbie!!!
Tried searching through the various threads here, and still one question remains unanswered.
What Filter Type?
Canister, HOB, internal, submersible, or something else?
I got most of the experienced people on this forum saying undergravel filter is a bother, and I agree, so, which one to buy.
I am a n00b (newbie) to this, and am planning to setup a first time aquarium from scratch, got an old tank 90 litre from a friend, who had mothballed it, for free. Planning to keep some peaceful fish (community tank like), but am still indecisive about which.
However, as per the explanation of nitrogen cycling, before I even get any fish, I must have a tank, some gravel, and a filter. Since I will be starting the process of procuring the equipment needed from the 10th AUG 2014 onwards (salary day ), can I get some basic advice on which type of filter is best suited for a setup of this kind?
I have a 24 gallon (90 litre) tank, which means that I should get a filter with a flow rate of more than 360 litres per hour or 100 gallons per hour. However, what is the best type. Is there an inherent advantage of a canister filter over a HOB or an internal filter? Since canister filters are larger and placed away from the tank, they are obviously better in that aspect. However, how about differentiating between a HOB and internal filter? or internal and submersible?
I am asking because, I can unfortunately invest in a filter only once, unless I can unload the current one unto someone else. So, budget-wise, the decision has to be very very wise.
Any and all help will be appreciated. Thanks in advance.
Joined: Aug 29, 2010 Posts: 446 Location: Kolkata, West Bengal
Posted: Wed Aug 06, 2014 10:18 pm Post subject: Re: Filter advice - newbie!!!
I would say you could do fine with an internal power filter for a 24 Gallon tank. I have a Jebo internal power filter (900 l/hr) running in my 27 gallon Goldfish tank along with a separate sponge filter. It works nicely. But then again I don't usually overstock my tanks at all. If you plan to keep a slightly over-stocked tank a canister would also be a good investment. Also, depends on what kind of fish you want to keep.
Posted: Thu Aug 07, 2014 12:31 am Post subject: Re: Filter advice - newbie!!!
Not planning for a planted tank at the moment, maybe just a gravel substrate, some larger rocks, and some artificial plants.
Planning for guppies with mollies / platys (livebearer community because of the salt required) or a neon / emperor tetra + some other small peaceful fish type.
Wanted to have a moonlight gourami pair with tetras, but stuff I read on the net suggests that the moonlight gouramis might bully smaller fish, and fin nipping isn't beyond them after maturity. Any one who have kept moonlight gouramis, please advise on this as well.
In all, since the gallon per inch rule, I believe that I will keep a max of 18-20 fish at the most, and of them, only about 6 of a kind. So, most probably, I will not overstock, till the first spawning, that is, after that, who knows.
Also, is it necessary to have a backup air pump / smaller internal filter handy, in case the filter conks off?
Joined: Nov 23, 2011 Posts: 1877 Location: Bangalore, Prakashnagar.
Posted: Thu Aug 07, 2014 11:23 am Post subject: Re: Filter advice - newbie!!!
For the set up you have in mind, I have had great success with UG filters. I used to use a power head and electrical PVC tubes with holes punched in them( and bends and T's to join them ) for the Under ground channels. You cannot have small grained sand for this type of filter. I used river sand which was sieved to remove the finer particles.. but, yes it chokes up every 3-4 months, so you will have to stir the sand to loosen it.
HOB and Internal power head is good too, but can handle limited amount of BIO load. but they work on lesser power.
The best would be Canister Filters.. lots of space for media, easy cleaning and doesn't take up space in the tank.. These are like universal, can be used on all kinds of tank set ups..
Posted: Thu Aug 07, 2014 3:22 pm Post subject: Re: Filter advice - newbie!!!
The prices of canister filters are a bomb, though. The Eheim classic 250-2213 filter which I found to be the cheapest, happens to represent the cost of the whole budget plan for a filter, a backup air pump, and a gravel siphon. This single filter is too far away from the price range I can afford.
Thus, a HOB filter falls well within my price range. I can afford a higher flow rate HOB, and still have a couple of tons of moolah left over for the rest of the accessories, and maybe some decorations.
Although, I shall heed to everyone's advise, and invest in a canister filter a few months down the line.
The fluval c2 looks promising and tempting though.
Joined: Jun 17, 2012 Posts: 551 Location: Bangalore
Posted: Thu Aug 07, 2014 9:08 pm Post subject: Re: Filter advice - newbie!!!
Frankly , with the type of stock your planning.
You can go as simple as 2 sponge filters on either side of the tank with weekly 20% - 30% water changes.
Does wonders to your fishes and sponge filters do a great job too.
But in the end , it is your money and your choice.
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